Every day roughly 37 animals die from two lethal poisons—and those are just the ones that get counted! Used by the USDA’s Wildlife Services, sodium cyanide M-44s and Compound 1080 livestock protection collars are too deadly, dangerous, and indiscriminate to use on our nation’s forests and other wild places. Fortunately, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will consider a ban on them as part of their 15-year review process. Declare your support to ban deadly wildlife poisons by contacting the EPA today.

Sodium cyanide M-44s are liberally broadcast on our nation’s forests, prairies, and canyons. Using M-44s, Wildlife Services killed 13,355 animals in 2009. Yet M-44s are notoriously indiscriminate and have accidentally killed thousands of non-target animals including badgers, bears, bobcats, foxes, birds, and even people's pets. Protected species including wolves, California condors, grizzly bears, and bald and golden eagles have succumbed to cyanide.

Compound 1080 or sodium fluoroacetate, placed in “livestock protection collars,” results in horrific and excruciating deaths. After exposure, death can take as long as 15 traumatic hours and involves cardiac failure, respiratory arrest, or severe prolonged convulsions.

These dangerous poisons are simply unnecessary. The USDA itself estimates that only 0.18% of the total U.S. cattle inventory and 4% of the sheep inventory are killed by carnivores. Instead of broadcasting poisons across our landscapes, those in agribusiness have a myriad of non-lethal methods such as pens, sheds, and guard animals available to them.

Both people and their pets have been inadvertently exposed to sodium cyanide while enjoying the outdoors.

In 1972 President Richard Nixon banned this substance - read the Executive Order here.

Watch a first hand account here.




This is a hand placing an M-44 booby trap. (Credit: USDA.) The lure: material soaked in rotten, fetid components is designed to lure in carnivores, but it also attracts a host of scavengers including pets and bald eagles.



This is an M-44. Photo taken by Brooks Fahy of Predator Defense.


This USDA photo depicts a sheep wearing a "livestock protection collar." The bladders are filled with Compound 1080 and liquid. While legal only in 11 states, Compound 1080 has illegally killed dozens of pets in recent years.