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Saving Sagebrush Sea Banner 12-09-2014

A Once-in-a-Generation Conservation Opportunity

For eons, sage grouse have risen before dawn each spring to engage in an ancient mating dance. A dozen or more male birds strut, fan their elaborate wings and flit about on breeding grounds while inflating and deflating their bright yellow throat sacs, creating a haunting, popping echo. All this effort is to catch the eye of females in the nearby sagebrush.

need room to dance

Sadly, this elaborate courtship ritual could come to an end. The sage grouse is disappearing right before our eyes and will likely disappear in our lifetime if we fail to act (see our time-lapse map). But we still have a chance to save the sage grouse.

Oil and gas extraction, livestock grazing and invasive species have contributed to the dramatic loss of sagebrush habitat vital for the species’ survival.

The bird’s decline is a warning sign that things are out of balance on our western lands, and other
wildlife such as pronghorn antelope may also be at risk.
An endangered icon grouse chart

WildEarth Guardians is working to safeguard the last remaining habitat for the sage grouse—from the Sierras to the Rockies.

If we act now, we can make sure that sage grouse keep dancing at sunrise so that our children and grandchildren have the opportunity to see this amazing sight. Future generations will marvel at the sage grouse and be inspired by the open spaces they inhabit, but only 
if we save it today.

Between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada exists a vast legacy of boundless and untamed lands: we call it the Sagebrush Sea and much of it belongs to every American. Decisive conservation action on nearly 80 million acres of this landscape has long been delayed and denied. Thanks to our legal advocacy, it’s now time to protect the entire Sagebrush Sea landscape that the sage grouse depends on for survival; the same lands that connect and sustain the wild heart of 
the American West.

A Fight for the Sagebrush Sea script text




grouse head circleThe sage grouse is an “umbrella species”—a bird that requires vast tracts of habitat to survive—and protecting this one bird’s Priority Habitats would provide the room needed to protect dozens of rare and sensitive wildlife species, from the pygmy rabbit to the sage sparrow. Unique wildlife like the burrowing owl and white-tailed prairie dog could gain refuges against habitat destruction, and the ancestral migration routes of pronghorn and mule deer would be protected within sage grouse Priority Habitats.

Thanks to our legal action, the sage grouse— long a candidate for Endangered Species Act protection—is finally getting the conservation attention it deserves. For the first time ever, federal and state land and wildlife management agencies undertook a multi-year effort to revise land management plans help protect and recover the sage grouse. But under tremendous pressure from industry and their political allies, federal agencies rolled out sage grouse plans that don’t follow the science and ensure the minimum requirements for sage grouse survival, Now our challenge will be to strengthen these compromise measures so they meet the biological needs of sage grouse and the healthy ecosystems on which they depend.

WildEarth Guardians has assembled a team that includes experts in sage grouse science, environmental law, public lands policy, and wildlife advocacy to capitalize on this unprecedented opportunity to save the sage grouse, unspoiled tracts of the Sagebrush Sea upon which it depends for habitat, and in the process secure protection for hundreds of species of native wildlife across the American West.one bird page graphic

We want to help sage grouse stand their ground against the likes of Exxon and BP. 

Fracking’s Achilles Heel

The sagebrush basins of the American West that have borne the brunt of the fossil fuels industry are also the prime habitat for the sage grouse.

Already tens of thousands of oil and gas wells dot the Sagebrush Sea with even more miles of pipelines and roads that have destroyed sagebrush habitats and fragmented landscapes. Until recently, nothing could stop or even slow the fossil fuels juggernaut: then the sage grouse took center stage.

Sage grouse need a protective buffer of at least four miles around their nests, giving us the best chance to finally apply the brakes to fossil fuel extraction.


The Last Roundup

For over a century, domestic sheep and cattle have grazed Sagebrush Sea landscapes to the bone. When too many cattle are turned loose on sagebrush habitats, livestock graze grasses down to bare dirt, exposing nests and young chicks to predators while also setting the stage for noxious weed invasions, which in turn lead to more frequent and more devastating wildfires. 

Retiring livestock grazing from millions of acres offers ranchers an equitable exit strategy and is perhaps the best chance for rehabilitating damaged public lands and conserving sage grouse. Securing federal legislation that authorizes voluntary and permanent grazing permit retirement is a key objective of our Sagebrush Sea campaign.

land of opportunity grouse map rachel carson sage grouse quote cropped

Help The Dance Go On Forever

The sage grouse represents the conservation opportunity of our generation with the possibility to protect nearly 80 millions acres of public land from two of the most destructive—and powerful—industries in the West: the ranching and the oil and gas industries.

But effectively reining in these two powerful industries means that we need to greatly expand our campaign for the Sagebrush Sea.

We’ve already devoted more than a decade to conserving the sage grouse, beginning in 2003 when we sought to protect the species under the Endangered Species Act. New federal plans identify over 50 million acres as ‘Priority Habitat Management Areas’ slated for stronger sage grouse protections. Now it’s up to conservation groups who have the courage to improve these plans and make them workable. This will take legal action and constant vigilance as a welter of industrial projects gets a new start after years of being on hold.

WildEarth Guardians wants your help to greatly expand our Sagebrush Sea campaign. Please help us win this unique conservation opportunity—for the grouse and for our western public lands.


Take Action Today

Keep Politics Away from the Endangered Species Act
Use your vote to block policy riders that seek to undermined the Endangered Species Act and leave rare wildlife without an extinction safety net.

Campaign Details

Info, Fact Sheets and Reports


  • Feds Fail Sage Grouse
  • Wyoming Case Study: Respite From Industry Helps Grouse Populations
  • New Study Shows Feds Slashed Sage Grouse Protections in New Plans